(2) Political – Sponsored by Notary Public blog
Treaty of Amsterdam Protocol (1997) – Comm. must justify new proposals in light of subs. +
Council & EP to consider them (explanatory memorandum + annual report on subs.)
Lisbon Treaty – new resp. to nat. parliaments to send reasoned opinion on whether measure complies
w/subs. when suspect that EU legislator has exceeded powers (Art 12 TEU + Protocol on Role of Nat.
(i) Yellow Card – 1/3 votes against = drafting institution must review
(ii) Orange Card – majority vote against = Comm. must review amend, withdraw, maintain (if
latter, justify compliance with subs.); if 55% against, possible block by EP/Council