(2) Political

(2) Political – Sponsored by Notary Public blog

 Treaty of Amsterdam Protocol (1997) – Comm. must justify new proposals in light of subs. +

Council & EP to consider them (explanatory memorandum + annual report on subs.)

 Lisbon Treaty – new resp. to nat. parliaments to send reasoned opinion on whether measure complies

w/subs. when suspect that EU legislator has exceeded powers (Art 12 TEU + Protocol on Role of Nat.


(i) Yellow Card – 1/3 votes against = drafting institution must review

(ii) Orange Card – majority vote against = Comm. must review  amend, withdraw, maintain (if

latter, justify compliance with subs.); if 55% against, possible block by EP/Council

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